As can be read from the very name “post-traumatic stress disorder”, also called PTSD occurs in a person after a traumatic event in which he experienced extreme fear, shock, helplessness or horror. After such an experience, it is natural for a person to experience a period of difficult adjustment, fear, anxiety, crying attacks, lack of deficiency, feelings of sadness, changes in sleep and diet. We talk about failures if this period lasts a long time without change for the better.
In the past, it was believed that only soldiers suffered from PTSD. For this reason, this disorder was sometimes called “combat fatigue” or “bomb shock.” Based on the results of studies, it can be stated that PTSD does not only affect soldiers.
All types of people from different backgrounds can suffer from it. The common denominator is the experience of an extremely traumatic event. Most common triggers are military confrontation, natural disasters, serious accidents, violent deaths, any situation causing fear, shock, horror and helplessness.
Symptoms after a traumatic event can last for months to years. They become an obstacle to returning to normal life and cause difficulties in personal or professional life. This disorder may not manifest itself immediately after a traumatic event, but also several years after it.
Post-traumatic stress disorder, one or more of the following symptoms re-experience:
- Scary thoughts
- Sweating and shaking
- Inability to remember some aspects of the event
- Reduced interest in life
- Difficulty concentrating
- Problems with falling asleep, or with waking up and inability to fall asleep again
- Outbursts of anger
- Excessive vigilance against potential hazards
- Experiencing destructive feelings at similar event.
Long term symptoms:
- Excessive alcohol consumption
- Drug addiction
- Anxiety disorder
- Severe depression
- Chest pain
- Body anxiety and pain
- Weakened immune system
- Problems at work
According to research by Sarah Markt, 1 in 8 Manhattan residents developed post-traumatic stress disorder 2 to 3 years after the attack on the twins 11.9.
It is estimated that approximately 5% of men and 10% of women experience PTSD at some stage in their lives. It can occur at any time in life. According to the UK National Health Service, around 40% of people have developed PTSD after someone their loved one or several loved ones have died suddenly.